The most common cancer in Canadian females today is breast cancer, which accounts for nearly 1/3rd of all new cases each year.
Breast cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths in females in Canada. In 2017, it was estimated that 13% of cancer deaths will be from breast cancer (5,000 deaths). However, the overall breast cancer mortality rate in Canada is the lowest it has been since 1950.
On average, about 400 Canadian women will be diagnosed with breast cancer each week. There are many reasons why breast cancer rates may vary between areas of Canada, including differences in the characteristics of women living in the jurisdictions and variations in reporting the disorder.
There is a lot of data which confirms that Black women tend to have a more aggressive form of breast cancer compared to whites. It appears that besides socioeconomic factors, biological factors may be culpable for this difference. The other notable observations about breast cancer in Blacks are the following; • More breast cancers are being discovered in young black females than whites • The breast cancers are usually larger at first presentation • It is more likely to have the tumor spread to the lymph nodes
Why there are differences in breast cancer survival rates between Black and white women is not understood. Some have credited this to non-biological reasons, such as access to health care, cultural differences and various socioeconomic factors. While these factors are definitely important, there is a lot of evidence that indicates that perhaps there are biological differences in the cancers that may account for the high mortality. Nonetheless, there has been a lot of progress made in the treatment of breast cancer. Gone are the days when complete breast and muscle removal was the only treatment for
DAILY Physical activity Take medication as prescribed
WEEKLY Self-breast examination
BI-ANNUAL (every other YEAR) Mammogram test Eye test
ALWAYS Maintain a healthy lifestyle

Publisher’s Note

Summer is a great time to explore the world by water, air, or land.
Whether it’s strolling through a botanical garden, hiking, biking as transportation, visiting ancient ruins, enjoying outdoor concerts and patios, meeting up with friends and family or creating a new recipe, at a ballgame or relaxing in your open space; summer can be lots of fun especially if we are healthy enough to enjoy. At times, some everyday ailments can dampen our spirit and even limit our movement. A few of these ailments are highlighted in this issue: page 23-24 is Gout, Back pain is on pages 26-27, on page 25 is Headaches and pages 20-21 is IBS.
Summer is also a great time for a change in eating habits to start a Raw Eating diet, as an abundance of fresh produce is readily available in the markets. Choosing Organic is easier on the wallets too in the summer, with all the fresh locally harvested foods stalls.
Helpful suggestions to obtain both are on pages 7 and 12 plus Chinese Herbs and herbal
medicine on page 13 – 14.
Summer is a great time as any to awaken our consciousness to our baggage and, or addictions. Gambling is is an addiction which affects many globally, on page 35 – 36 we share Seven Warning Signs of a Gambling Addiction.
Summer is shorts and sandals. With the hot weather dehydration is a key health concern; on pages 31 – 32 are tips to avoid dehydration. Foot and Hand care are featured on pages 28 – 29. Rum, straight up or mixed as a cocktail makes a beverage most of us enjoy; on page 16 we share the history of Rum and page 17 gives delicious rum cocktail recipes for Caribbean Rum Punch.
I count my blessing each day to have Canada as my home, when I see, read and hear news of the hundreds of people who are fleeing their countries from wars and crimes, spending weeks and months on a pilgrim through the deserts and/or in human cargo ship and trucks, to find and make a home in a safer country. Canada has always opened its borders to migrants so as we celebrate Canada Day on July 1, many of us will have Canada in their hearts with appreciation and hope for this country.                                                                                                         Wishing you healthy knowledge and Happy Canada Day!                                                                                    Liz E. Philbert

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