CANCER is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later.
FIVE MAIN TYPES OF CANCER affect a woman’s reproductive organs cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar. As a group, they are referred to as gynecologic cancer. The sixth type of gynecologic cancer is the very rare fallopian tube cancer.
Ovarian Cancer – The ovaries make female hormones and produce eggs.
Who Gets Ovarian Cancer?
All women are at risk for ovarian cancer, but older women are more likely to get the disease than younger women.
About 90% of women who get ovarian cancer are older than 40 years of age, with the greatest number of cases occurring in women aged 60 years or older. Ovarian cancer causes more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. But when ovarian cancer is found in its early stages, treatment is most effective. Ovarian cancer often causes signs and symptoms, so it is important to pay
attention to your body and know what is normal for you.
Symptoms may be caused by something other than cancer, but the only way to know is to see your doctor, nurse, or other healthcare professional.
By Race And Ethnicity
White women had the highest incidence rate for ovarian cancer. Hispanic women had the
second highest rate of getting ovarian cancer, followed by black, Asian/Pacific Islander, and
American Indian/Alaska Native women.
Cervical Cancer is the most popular cancers for women globally.
Who gets cervical cancer?
All women are at risk for cervical cancer. It occurs most often in women over age 30. Cervical cancer is the easiest gynecologic cancer to prevent with regular screening tests and follow up.
It also is highly curable when found and treated
Who Gets Vulvar Cancer?
The risk of vulvar cancer goes up as women age. Less than 20% of cases are in women younger than age 50, and more than half occur in women over age 70.
Vulvar cancer is an abnormal growth of malignant (cancerous) cells in the vulva. The vulva is defined as the external female genitalia and includes the labia majora (outer lips of labia), labia minora (inner
lips), clitoris, mons pubis, vestibule, or entryway, of the vagina, and the perineum (the area between vulva and anus).
VAGINAL CANCER is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the vagina.
The vagina is the canal leading from the cervix to the outside of the body.
Vaginal cancer is not common.
Risk factors for vaginal cancer include the following:
Being aged 60 or older.
Being exposed to DES (diethylstilbestrol) while in the mother’s womb. In the 1950s, the drug DES was given to some pregnant women to prevent miscarriage (premature birth of a fetus that cannot survive). Women who were exposed to DES before birth have an increased risk of vaginal cancer.
Having human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
Having a history of abnormal cells in the cervix or cervical cancer.
Having a history of abnormal cells in the uterus or cancer of the uterus.
Having had a hysterectomy for health problems that affect the uterus.
Who Gets Uterine Cancer?
All women are at risk for uterine cancer, but the risk increases with age. Most uterine cancers are found in women who are going through or who have gone through menopause—the time of life when your menstrual periods stop.
Uterine cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women the most commonly diagnosed gynecologic cancer.