The word “Aboriginal” includes all First Nation, Metis and Inuit people, according to the Constitution Act of 1982. You may have heard other names, including “Indian”, “Native”, and “Indigenous”, but these have different meanings to different people. To some, these words do not properly represent the huge variety of cultures found in Canada’s aboriginal community.
New data from the National Household Survey (NHS) show that 1,400,685 people had an Aboriginal identity in 2011, representing 4.3% of the total Canadian population.
Did You Know?
There are 52 aboriginal languages spoken in Canada!
FIRST NATIONS PEOPLE which include the early tribes such as Blackfoot, Cree, Ojibway, Algonquin etc. Inuit is considered to be a distinguished group because they have a very unique culture, while all other First Nations tribes are related to each other in some ways. The third is the Métis. The word Métis means mixing which implicates the mixing between the tribes and the whites.
MÉTIS PEOPLE live throughout Canada, but constitute a distinct aboriginal nation in the Western Canada. In 2011, 451,795 people identified as Métis. They represented 32.3% of the total Aboriginal population and 1.4% of the total Canadian population.
Métis spoke a language called Michif, a combination of the Cree, Ojibwa, French, and English languages. The largest numbers of Aboriginal people lived in Ontario and the western provinces (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia).
Aboriginal people made up the largest shares of the population of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories.
Type 2 diabetes is a health concern among Canada’s First Nations and Inuit.
First Nations on reserve have a rate of diabetes three to five times higher than that of other Canadians. Rates of diabetes among the Inuit are expected to rise significantly in the future given that risk factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, and unhealthy eating patterns are high. (HEALTH CANADA)